The American Cancer Society recommends the following screening guidelines for most adults. You should talk with your physician about your medical history and whether you need additional screenings.
* If the test is positive, a colonoscopy should be done. **The multiple stool take-home test should be used. One test done by the doctor in the office is not adequate for testing. A colonoscopy should be done if the test is positive.
Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer
At the time of menopause, all women should be informed about the risks and symptoms of endometrial cancer. Women should report any unexpected bleeding or spotting to their doctors. Some women, because of their history, may need to have a yearly endometrial biopsy.
Growing evidence indicates that computed tomography (CT scanning) of the chest can detect small tumors in the lungs before they can be seen by conventional chest X-Rays. This suggests that CT can be used as a screening test for patients at risk for lung cancer because of a history of tobacco smoking. The test may detect lung cancer early, before it has spread, and when it is potentially curable.
Patients must be referred by a physician for this test on the basis of risk.
Men should talk to their doctor about the pros and cons of testing at age 50; at age 45 for African American men and men who have/had a father or brother with prostate cancer before age 65.
For people age 20 or older having periodic health exams, a cancer-related check-up should include health counseling and, depending on a person's age and gender, exams for cancers of the thyroid, oral cavity, skin, lymph nodes, testes, and ovaries, as well as for some non-malignant (non-cancerous) diseases.